Gamification Expert &

Behavioral Designer

In the video game Mega Man X, Mega Man is a character endowed with amazing Attributes:

  • He has a blaster that shoots energy orbs
  • He can charge his blaster for more powerful shots
  • He can absorb powers from defeated enemy bosses
  • He can wall-jump

These attributes help Mega Man progress through the game on his mission to defeat the final boss, Sigma.

What would happen if you took Mega Man out of his video game and dropped him into the world of Super Mario 64 (like a crazy spin-off of the movie Wreck-It Ralph)?

Try as Mega Man might, he wouldn’t be able to beat the game of Super Mario 64 because he doesn’t have the necessary Attributes such as long jumping, triple jumping, swimming, and flight (with a magical winged cap).

In the game of life, you too are endowed with Attributes. Some important notes about recognizing your Attributes:

  1. Your Attributes include physical attributes, personality traits, IQ, EQ, etc. For example, some people are incredible athletes, while other people have a silver tongue, and others have a natural ability with numbers or music.
  2. Your Attributes do not include learned skills such as an expertise in SEO, software engineering, law, medicine, or Gamification.
  3. Your Attributes are part of who you are — your DNA, upbringing, and life experiences all make a difference in you Attributes.

It’s important to understand that your Attributes do NOT make you a better or worse person than anyone else. Please do not judge yourself or other people based on Attributes.

In addition, it’s important to understand that Attributes alone are NOT enough to beat a Game. We can all play Mega Man X, but very few of us have the patience, persistence, and dexterity to beat the game (seriously, Sigma is an incredibly difficult boss). Similarly, many people have musical talent, but it takes hard work and perseverance to play for the San Francisco Symphony.

It’s important to know and be honest about your Attributes because you don’t want to be Mega Man playing in Super Mario 64. But don’t get discouraged if you weren’t born with the Attributes of a Lebron James or Beyoncé. With your unique Attributes, you are able to do things that Lebron James and Beyoncé cannot do, and you should be proud of that.

Identifying your Attributes can be a challenge

In video games, there are character sheets that detail the special powers of characters. In contrast in real life, we are unfortunately not born with a character sheet that explains what are our Attributes. Therefore, it is a quest to discover your Attributes and help others to do so too.

Some natural Attributes are easier to identify, as the activities are not only part of most school curriculums, but are also easy to compare with other students. For example, many physical or musical Attributes become obvious because they manifest themselves in a public setting: you run or swim faster than everyone else; you learn to play the guitar incredibly easily, and alongside your unique charisma you start to entertain your followers on Instagram with music.

At times, natural Attributes with numbers, writing, memorization, or speech can manifest themselves in school as well: you get A’s in classes without needing to work as hard as your classmates; you become a champion in your school speech or debate team.

Some people get lucky because they get exposed to their natural Attributes early in life, often because of where they grew up or the investment of parents in various activities. 

But for most of us, our Attributes aren’t so glaringly obvious. I’m one of them, and it’s taken me years (more than a decade) to truly feel comfortable and accept my Attributes.

How to Identify Your Attributes

We have developed a two-step process to identify your Attributes:

  • Step 1: Gather information through various internal and external sources
  • Step 2: Develop your OP Talent Triangle

Step 1: Gather information

Method #1a: Take a moment for self-reflection

Carve out an hour or two in your busy schedule to sit down alone with a pen and paper to reflect and analyze your experiences.

Here is how your mental process should work:

  1. Think about an important moment in your life
  2. Analyze why it’s important to you
  3. Identify Attributes associated with that moment

Here is my mental process:

Important moment: Bruin Consulting.

Why it’s important: Bruin Consulting was my first entrepreneurial project. I realized that it was extremely difficult for Bruins to get a career in consulting because I failed to get a consulting job during Fall recruitment. I thus started the first undergraduate consulting organization at UCLA with a group of three other founders and successfully launched the first undergraduate case competition.

Identify Attributes: I’m able to quickly turn ideas into action; I’m able to build a team of motivated individuals and harness their skills towards a common goal; I’m able to win over people easily.

Important moment: RewardMe.
Why it’s important: RewardMe was a loyalty platform for restaurants and retailers and was Yu-kai and my first funded startup. We ran it for over two years and managed to build a product, sell it to customers, get it in stores, collect revenue, and reach major user engagement goals well before our competitors at the time. For many reasons, we ultimately failed to make RewardMe a big success.
Identify Attributes: I feel comfortable taking risks; I’m able to sell products through sheer hustle; I prefer to learn through action as opposed to learning through reading or mentorship; I’m impatient and want success now.

Method #1b: Ask other people to identify your Attributes

It may seem counterintuitive, but your friends, family, and co-workers can offer great insights into your Attributes.

It’s often very difficult for us to identify our Attributes because they come so naturally to us. We simply think: “Oh, everyone is able to do this easily too.”

To help your friends uncover your Attributes, send them a message with the following question:

  1. You are the CEO of a company. What would you hire me to do at your company?
  2. I’m giving a TED talk next month. What do you think would be the title of my TED presentation?
  3. Your friend has an open position at his company. You refer me and I get the job. One year later, you meet up with your friend and he tells you how I’m doing at his company. What does your friend tell you about me?
  4. I was just fired from a company. What do you think was the reason for me getting fired?

Although these questions won’t give you an exact answer, the answers will help guide you to identify your Attributes (yes, even question #4, which reveals your weaknesses, helps in identifying your Attributes).

Be aware that many people are not accustomed to requesting and getting feedback from their peers. It can often be jarring to know how others view you. When you do get back some answers, don’t worry if they are the “right” answers – simply jot them down. Understanding and utilizing our Attributes can be a lifelong exploration process, starting with small steps.

Also, start examining if you can break these Attributes down into more detailed ones. 

If a peer identifies that you’re good at math…

… then you can explore what makes you good at math. Is it doing arithmetic calculations in your head, because of the tenacity at which you practice it, or perhaps concentration during stressful moments that require patience. Perhaps it’s all three? By breaking down your strengths you can more accurately understand your innate Attributes and understand where else these talents can be applied to.

If a peer identifies that you have a good memory…

… then you can explore what makes you have an outstanding memory. Are you good at remembering events, people, numbers, images, or all of them? Exploring the specifics of your memory will help you identify your unique strengths.

If a peer identifies that you are likeable…

… then you can explore what characteristics enable you to be likeable. Are a lot of fun to be with because of your humor, positivity, or charisma? Or are you likeable because you can quickly convey that you are a sincere empathetic person and can earn the trust of others?

Method #1C: Take the Strengths Finder test

There are a myriad of self-assessment tests on the market. I’ve taken many of them, but the only one that I’ve found truly useful is the Strengths Finder test by Gallup and Tom Rath.

I took the test and these are my top 5 themes:

  1. Significance: People who are especially talented in the Significance theme want to be very important in the eyes of others. They are independent and want to be recognized.
  2. Competition: People who are especially talented in the Competition theme measure their progress against the performance of others. They strive to win first place and revel in contests.
  3. Futuristic: People who are especially talented in the Futuristic theme are inspired by the future and what could be. They inspire others with their visions of the future.
  4. Achiever: People who are especially talented in the Achiever theme have a great deal of stamina and work hard. They take great satisfaction from being busy and productive.
  5. Activator: People who are especially talented in the Activator theme can make things happen by turning thoughts into action. They are often impatient.

Although the Strengths Finder test won’t reveal specific Attributes (for example, that you have a natural talent in music or math), it will give you clues and guide you on the path to discovering your Attributes.

From my top 5 themes and from personal experience, I have concluded the following:

  1. I have the ability to get a project started incredibly fast. If an idea fascinates me, then I’ll take action and get the idea started faster than anyone else I’ve ever met.
  2. I have the ability to recruit and inspire others to join my team. Whether it be at RewardMe, Chou Force, or Humble Bee, I’ve continually showed the ability to build a strong team.
  3. I have the ability to make a strong and positive first impression. This strength has proven incredibly valuable in interview and sales settings when time is scarce and a deal needs to be closed.
  4. If the pressure is on or I’m in the spotlight, then I have the ability to take ownership, work even harder, and do what it takes to succeed.

Recognize your weaknesses

In addition to uncovering your strengths, Strengths Finder can indirectly help you identify your weaknesses. These are some of mine:

  1. While I’m quick to start a project, it’s too easy for me to get bored, drop my current project, and move on the next one. For this reason, I’ve made a decision to say “no” to any new opportunities and focus solely on my current, ongoing projects.
  2. Although I make a strong first impression, I am terrible at keeping up strong friendships with many people. I have many acquaintances, but very few close friends.
  3. If I’m not getting recognized for the work that I’m doing, then I usually ignore the work and move on to something else that will bring me greater recognition.

Yu-kai initially thought that one of his strengths was creativity. But later on he realized that it was because his brain was good at automatically making connections between things that are seemingly unrelated to most people. He then decided that his Attribute was “Associative Thinking”, which also makes him fairly talented at creating analogies to explain things as well as coming up with fun interesting names.

As you can see from Yu-kai’s example, by digging deeper into each of your strengths, you can begin to derive your true Attributes.

The OP Talent Triangle

Gamified Talent Triangle


Yu-kai Chou developed the OP Talent Triangle to understand and identify Attributes. Because he created it, I’ll let him explain it in his own words. The following section is written by Yu-kai.

Each individual has one unique strength that is better than the majority of the world — the “Edge”.


Then there are two to five other skills that may not be as strong as the Edge, but that are stronger when compared to most of your peers — the “Ring”.

Gamified Edge Talent

Then there is a whole batch of other Attributes (often 5-15) where an individual is generally more talented than the average person, but that can’t be considered as a competitive advantage on their own — the “Base”.

Gamified Base


As individuals begin to understand their strengths, they can start to chart this onto a triangle shape, which I call the OP Talent Triangle.

Creating your first OP Talent Triangle

As mentioned above, deriving a proper Talent Triangle is not easy and requires years of self-discovery. However, we can begin by taking simple steps.

The way that I did my own Talent Triangle was to first randomly jot down all of my strengths.

Yu-kai messy strengths


These are just Attributes thrown around in no particular order besides what comes top of mind. The next step I did was to start to move the ones that seem stronger to the top, while moving moderate ones to the middle or bottom.

I decided that Associative Thinking is my Edge, while Empathy, Learn-Use Conversion (the ability to immediately apply something newly learned), Optimism, and Visual Models Creation (turning something abstract into a visual chart) together form the Ring.

If I could spend more of my time and energy doing activities (or Quests) that harness the strengths above, I could potentially become best-in-the-world in those activities.

Those activities eventually became:

  • Create useful models such as the Octalysis Framework
  • Study how games affect our feelings and motivations
  • Read books on behavioral science
  • Write/speak empathetic and emotionally persuasive content
  • Apply knowledge learned to brand new cases for others (as a consultant)
  • Motivate others to become their best (like a coach or mentor)
  • Lead in tough environments where team morale is often low

After doing much of the activities above, I became an Author, Speaker, Entrepreneur, and Consultant in Behavioral Design and Gamification. I also started Octalysis Prime in order to inspire others and guide people towards their own 10,000 Hours of Play.

Once the vague order of the Attributes are determined, then I put together the actual Talent Triangle.

Gamified Talent Triangle


Even though the Base talents are not as strong as the Ring talents, the more you find yourself in environments that can harness a combination of those talents the better.

For instance, while working on this, my “Pattern Recognition” talent noticed that there were actually four “themes” in these skills.

Themes of Yu-kai Strengths


  • Human/Emotions Theme: Empathy skills connect with emotional persuasion and Trustful Sincerity where people quickly start to trust an individual.
  • Attitude Theme: Optimism leads to more Tenacity, Adaptability of the environment, and even the quirky personality that some people like.
  • Associate Thinking Theme: As my mind connects seemingly unrelated things together, I can always find ways to connect things I have learned to new scenarios, as well as create a visual model that connects all the dots.
  • Pattern/Logic Theme: Pattern Recognition allows me to think critically with strategy and long-term vision, and it helps me realize which creative ideas are too crazy and illogical.

Now, what I can do with these four themes is still unclear. But by identifying them (just like Identifying the 8 Core Drives of the Octalysis Framework connect to themes such as White/Black Hat and Left/Right Brain), this understanding could become something valuable to OP Members in the future.

Now that I have a better understanding of my strengths, let’s move on and use the same process to determine my weaknesses.

Yu-kai gamified weaknesses


I then created my Weakness Triangle.

Yu-kai Chou Weakness


This list is smaller not because I have less weaknesses, but because I didn’t spend as much time on it compared to determining my strengths, and that it is not as useful as the actual Talent Triangle. Still helpful nevertheless.

I also played with Jun’s Talent Triangle:

Jun Strengths


Jun Gamified Triangle


And took a weak stab at Jun’s Weakness Triangle too.

Jun Weakness


As you can see, Jun’s Triangles are not as well-defined as mine because identifying your Attributes isn’t a one day or even one week endeavor. It could take months or years to have a refined Talent Triangle that will guide every activity of life.

It’s time to get to know your Attributes

Use the above methods to identify your Attributes and develop your Talent Triangle.

Take your time: getting meaningful answers from your friends and co-workers takes time, but it’s worth it to get to the truth of your Attributes.

Take your time with the Strengths Finder 2.0 test as well. Although you’ll get your answers immediately, read through all of the materials they give you because it’ll provide you with great insights.

We do not have a business partnership with Strength Finder. Please be aware that it costs money to take the test.

Read the next article in the 10K HP series:

  1. The strategy guide to beat the game of life: 10,000 Hours of Play
  2. 10K HP Step 1: Choose Your Game (Mission)
  3. 10K HP Step 2: Know Your Attributes (Talents)
  4. 10K HP Step 3: Select Your Role (Identity)
  5. 10K HP Step 4: Enhance Your Skills (Abilities)
  6. 10K HP Step 5: Build Your Alliance (Network)
  7. 10K HP Step 6: Achieve Your Quests (Milestones)

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Live your life like a game and every one of those 10,000 hours will be fun, meaningful, and truly worth playing!